Each country has different strategies to deal with their issues and problems. Acquisition of food and preserving it for future use depends upon policies each country has developed. Food preservation involves use of correct methods to avoid losses.
A country may adopt policies such as import substitution industrialization whereby a country produces such goods which can be imported locally to avoid losses to manufacturers. In this context, a country may choose fiscal policies that involve higher level of taxation, tariffs, and custom duties. For example, a country may impose huge taxes on imported goods, thus making them more expensive than locally manufactured ones. Agricultural policies may also determine whether to import or locally produce them.
Saudi Arabia allows its individuals to lease or buy farmland in Africa, therefore they import food from other countries. Their government decided to cut local production and purchase imported ones. There are numerous advantages of importing goods such as high quality of goods imported because may be able to produce more efficiently than other countries. Goods imported are cheaper than those locally manufactured ones since a government may remove taxes and tariffs on imports, thus making them cheaper than locally manufactured products. International trade encourages beneficial relations among those countries that trade with each other; this promotes peace and understanding. Raw materials may be inadequate for production purposes, thus a country may import products if the cost is low. Concurrently, it can invest in those countries where cost of production is lower.
Factors such as change of climatic conditions, population increase may necessitate importation because the requirements for production are unfavorable leading to depletion and overexploitation of natural resources.
In Qatar, local production is encouraged by the government to ensure that there is food security. This is done by maximizing available land, reclaiming arid territories, and applying new technologies in ensuring sufficient production of goods. They also encourage off-shore production by agricultural investing in other countries. This gives its citizens the opportunity to invest, learn new techniques of production which, in turn, makes them specialists. It opens new channels of employment and entrepreneurship.
In so doing, it is important that each country analyzes the impacts of each action taken to achieve the best results, which they can use as a strategy in managing food security in their country.