Equality

Executive Summary

Equality is a fundamental value that should be shared across transnational and cross-cultural boundaries for better of the whole humankind. However, there is currently a persistent problem with exercising of egalitarianism around the globe. The key issue is that societies have not offered same opportunities to individuals because of the differences in various aspects including race, ethnicity, religion, gender, age, and even national origin. The denial of equality for particular people simply means the limitation of growth opportunities for persons across transnational and cross-cultural boundaries. The lack of equity in the society also begets hatred among the different groups involved (Appadurai 56). Therefore, the current approach needs to be changed because it does not reflect a genuine concern for equality among the different people across global boundaries. The present policy seems to favor those at an advantageous position in terms of gender, religion, race, and ethnicity granting them opportunities and general respect. Therefore, the approach needs to be changed to ensure that everyone enjoys equality regardless of their social, economic, or political differences. It is recommended that the societies around the world must put in place sound and strict policies on egalitarianism by defining clear punishments for individuals discriminating others. More so, it is suggested that societies all over the world should conduct awareness programs on the significance of equality to promote its adoption across transnational and cross-cultural boundaries.

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Context and Importance of the Problem

The problem in focus in this case is inequality. As much as egalitarianism is supposed to be exercised across all global boundaries, there have been many instances when it has not been implemented in the best ways possible. Thus, the problem of inequality transcends across different lines including economic, social, and even political fields. For instance, there are inequalities due to which wealth is distributed in the society within some group of individuals who have excessive riches while others suffer (“Culture of New Globalization” 17). In terms of social inequality, it is possible to find people at an advantageous position over women or some religions and races being preferred over others in policy matters. There are also political inequalities due to which the ruling class is always able to exercise power over other classes using the authority guaranteed to them.

It is significant to understand the root causes of inequality across the globe. One of its root causes is prejudice relating to gender, religion, or race. Preconceived opinions about the weaknesses of a particular gender or race play an instrumental role in leading to inequality in global cultural contexts. For instance, there is always a view that women are supposed to be at a lower position compared to men hence propagating inequality. The second key cause of inequality includes unfair tax regimes and policy. Accordingly, unfair tax regimes such as the regressive tax system have a negative effect on the distribution of wealth in the society hence leading to inequality (“Culture of New Capitalism” 8). This is because they make low income earners pay more while those at high financial positions pay smaller amounts. This means that those at lower economic positions are always bound to remain there to serve the wealthy for undesirable wages. One more root cause of inequality has been global influences, especially, economic liberalization. This has limited the participation of governments in the economy hence leading to dominance of private entities in country affairs.

The most significant policy implication of the lack of equality in the contemporary world is that differences in the sources of variations in income distribution within and across countries pose a challenge to the identification of relevant approach trade-offs between growth and equity. In such situation, it is quite hard to reach a compromise because nothing is balanced in racial, gender, and even religious aspects across cultural boundaries. The issue of inequality is currently important because of the concerns it raises and the actions that are proposed to improve balance in the society (“The Culture of the New Capitalism” 37). It is basically significant in pointing out the global regards that everyone needs to be keen on providing the improvement of the quality of life, which is essential for co-existence in any given society. It calls for concerted efforts of everyone to ensure that all individuals have access to equality irrespectively of their backgrounds and places of origin. In terms of policy relevance, inequality is pertinent because it has been the point of focus in the course of making decisions related to the promotion of better and desirable living within countries (Salih 67). Today, many constitutions in different world countries have been amended to ensure equality for everyone hence underlining the appropriateness of the whole issue and the concern of the government in terms of ensuring everyone is treated in the best ways possible reflecting fairness.

Critique of Policy Option(s)

The current approach to the policy of equality in many parts of the world exhibits numerous shortcomings. The present situation is more theoretical rather than practical. This means that most countries have drafted policies to promote an equal position of everyone in the society, but this is not practiced. Egalitarianism is only seen in terms of what is written, but not from practical perspective. Thus, one of the key shortcomings of the current policy to equality is the lack of an implementation strategy. At the present time, the approach framework does not offer a real chance for the implementation and ultimate exercise of equity hence leaving many affected groups such as women and the racial minorities exposed to the issue (Conrad 41). They do not receive the benefits articulated in the policy manuals. Another shortcoming of the current approach options related to equality is that they do not capture the fundamental elements that will ensure the existence of real equity. The problem with the present policy option is that it tends to be vague in terms of pointing out what exactly needs to be done for different groups in the world including the poor, women, religious, ethnic and racial minorities. It only states that the equity must be provided without explicitly indicating how it is supposed to be done.

The current policy option needs to be changed because it lacks practicality. It is failing because of the lack of sufficient mechanisms to be put into practice for the benefit of the intended groups within the society. As much as equality is pointed out across all cultural borders, there is no indication that it could be implemented to achieve the set goals. This leaves gaps and questions on the essence of the policy in promoting egalitarianism for the proper living within the society. The current approach is failing by not staying truth to itself concerning the achievement of equality transnationally as well as within cross-cultural boundaries (Sontag 27). It is unsuccessful because it is not really prioritizing the needs of the different interest groups that are supposed to be covered by equality propositions. In fact, it is more common to find the policy option failing to protect for women in their workplaces. Their compensations might still be way lower than those received by men on the same job positions. This also applies to racial minorities who might not be currently accessing the same opportunities in the society as emphasized in the existing policy (Mernissi 57). It is not progressive in nature hence leading to its failure in the implementation process.

Policy Recommendations

In light of the failures of the current approach, the following practical steps are recommended for effective implementation. The first critical measure that needs to be realized is the integration of equality in the policy plan. This implies that egalitarianism should be included in it and defined clearly in terms of what it stands for and the goals that are supposed to be met at the end. This step gives a clear understanding of how equality will be achieved.

The second practical measure to be implemented is the clear statement of the parameters of equality within the society. They will be made of various factors including age, gender, race, ethnicity, and even religion. This will set a ground for better and more practical application of the equality policy.

The third and significant practical measure that needs to be implemented is the application of the stated equality rules in the society in a direct manner that does not exhibit any form of vagueness. With this step, it will be easier to practically promote egalitarianism through mechanisms that regard everyone as equal and important within the society. The definite result would be the achievement of fairness for everyone.

In conclusion, the promotion of equality as a fundamental value is vital for the benefit of everyone in the society. It is only through it that the co-existence of different people is realized all over the world. Everyone feels accommodated and valued when the proper equality policies are put in place. The lack of equality can lead to undesirable events such as wars that are never easy to stop once they erupt. Therefore, it is the responsibility of policy institutions to promote the value of equality among people all over the world.

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