A child is not simply a small person. Kids are treasures of each family. Their physiology and anatomy greatly differ from adults; though, it changes as a little child grows up. It may seem to be too difficult, but besides crying, grimaces, and whims, there is their innocence that should be valued. Despite all problems, the child’s wonderful smiling face looking at you can make you smile too. Taking care of children requires the art of being patient and kind. Of course, it supposed to have boundless love for children from nurse’s side.
The demand for medical care and nursing for pediatrics is so high that doctors and nurses have to design effective programs for medical staff, which will satisfy all segments of population. For the achievement of this purpose, they need qualitative training to perform the required duties. There are some main pediatric nurse’s functions. First of all, it is a medical education: they are responsible for children’s health and physical condition. A nurse, as a heath promoter who takes measures to prevent illness, has to advise parents on proper care, meals etc. It is nurse’s main duty to guarantee normal growth and development. A nurse as a researcher observes patients and comes to conclusions how to do their best for treating them. A nurse as a family advocate is supposed to be reasonable in own statements about the needs of the patients. Coordination with pediatricians is a very important, because the children’s state may change fast, nurses have to document vital signs and control them.
The population of the U.S. increases faster than medical personnel. People need medical services to maintain health in high level in urban and rural area, where there is insufficient medical care. The pediatric nurse practitioner program was created under protection of the School of Medicine and the School of Nursing of the University of Colorado. The project is held in two phases. The first phase was performed at the University of Colorado Medical Center in Denver. Each nurse have four month of practice and theory with senior faculty members of the medicine and nursing schools. Next step of the nurses educational program includes the application of the recently gained skills, and knowledge in areas with many residents of low social status who need appropriate and qualitative treatment. Thus, such a program provides expanding health care for children with limited opportunities. They are assigned to the child clinics, clinics for premature babies, and nurseries for newborns, where they work together with director and other staff. Nurses are taught to evaluate difficulties with sight and hearing, speech defects, provide dental care and define dental problems. At the seminars, they also learn breast feeding, and introduction in proper nutrition, for example, vitamins, solid food etc. The nurse practitioner trainees actively take part in clinics and the emergency room with the healthy children and the children with plenty of acute or chronic diseases. To improve quality of care they interview families, do the necessary examinations, discuss patient care. They cooperate with qualified members of the pediatric faculty in management and the evaluation and of kids with numerous disorders. Here are some diarrhea, skin eruptions, allergic disorders, common constipation, and allergic disorders. The trainees assist in the management of emergency cases such as hemorrhage, apnea, accidents, and a number of poisonings.
National Pediatrics Support Services coordinate two child care services with common site called Rainbow Retreat for sick children. They provide 20 percent subsidy for clients of child care center or Rainbow Retreat in California and New Beach Pasadena. This system offers a full-service child care program for relatives. Talking about work, most of the women have full-time job, and they lack time to look after their babies. Therefore, they face dilemma in terms of how to combine these activities. Thus, the Women’s Bureau was designed for people who are interested in developing actions that tend to be effective and useful for child care programs. It is only Federal agency which resolves women’s employment problems and advocates their interests. It has 70 year history of participation with child care issues.
Department of Child Health Advocacy and Outreach aim to keep children healthy, safe, and happy to make strong social units in St. Louis. Company’s staff exceeds includes more than 50 workers. Programs are aimed at health development and providing community with health services, as well as wound prevention through their Healthy Kids Express mobile health projects. The program “Healthy Kids express” helps in preventing asthma, preventable and dental screen services. About twenty thousand kids are examined in Healthy Kids Express each year (St. Louis Children’s Hospital, Child health advocacy and outreach, n.d). The Asthma program focuses on audience of all ages, but basically, on ages from 4 to 12 ages. The Dental program is aimed at ages 3 – 18. The screening programs include vision, hearing, and checking for anemia. In this department, there is the team of different specialists: nurse practitioners, social workers, asthma coaches, registered nurses, dentist with assistant, and others.
Pediatricians have an important influence in helping to their patients. Finally, they should set a good example of in terms of hygiene for prevention infectious and other diseases. They should be sensitive to fragile system of kid’s body or, in other words, have “a clinic eye.” They have to pay a lot of attention to children, be understanding and kind in order to grow up a healthy generation.